The Republic of Tajikistan has inexhaustible reserves of hydroelectric resources, occupying the 8th place in the world in terms of their specific reserves (per capita and area unit). Tajikistan has the potential to produce 527 billion kW/hr. of electricity per year, but today only 6% of this potential is being used.
Over the years of independence, the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan has been implementing raft of measures on the way to achieving one of the strategic goals, which is energy independence. So, for example, the following facilities were built and put into operation:
- the Sangtuda-1 hydroelectric power plant with a capacity of 670 MW;
- the Sangtuda-2 hydroelectric power station with a capacity of 220 MW;
- 283 small hydroelectric power plants with a capacity of 30 thousand kW;
- Dushanbe-2 CHP plant, with a capacity of 400 mW;
- North-South PTL - 500 kW.
In addition, projects on modernization and reconstruction of existing facilities in the electric power industry has been continued. At present, by the financial support of the Asian Development Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, a project feasibility has been developed on the rehabilitation and modernization projects for the Head HPP (240 MW) and Kairakkum HPP (126 MW). The Government of the Republic of Tajikistan signed an agreement with the Asian Development Bank to allocate a grant of 136 million USD for the modernization of the Head HPP. Projects for the modernization of hydroelectric power plants also envisage an increase in the capacity of hydroelectric generators up to 10%, which will ensure an increase in their installed capacity.